What is Edge Computing Technology?

6 Mins read


Edge computing!

Data is the new gold for brands to develop business strategies for rapid growth. It can assist companies in improving the quality of their products or services. Relevant data can help make informed decisions to produce the results anyone wants for the business. Now, no need for guesswork because data help you be strategic in approaching and making decisions in real-time. In short, you can not only know how your business is doing but also track its progress in any specific period. But there is something more to know about the data.

Knowing the importance and relevance of data for businesses is one thing, and getting it executed is quite another because of its complex structure. This phenomenon is known as data analysis. You need to collect and transport it using a secure platform. But as we know that data is mounting by the day, it’s becoming hard to process. The traditional mechanisms such as the cloud to store and process data are not enough anymore as they take time and money to process big data. So, what’s the solution? Edge computing!

Edge computing is an infrastructure to collect, store, process, and transmit data. It’s helpful to collect and process the data locally by increasing efficiency and lowering the latency rate. Edge computing focuses on the data’s point of origin and is designed to reduce the bandwidth cost of transporting data to the cloud platforms. At its very basic level, it brings computation process and data storage resources closer to the devices where data is being produced, rather than relying on a central cloud location that can be thousands of miles away.

Edge computing examples are many, from manufacturing to the medical field.

This article will discuss the operational procedure of edge computing, the difference between cloud and edge computing, and its industrial uses. There are some drawbacks of edge computing, briefly discussed in the article.

Edge Computing

Edge Computing

How does it Work?

The physical infrastructure of edge computing can be complicated. But the basic idea is that the devices of the users or clients connect to a nearby edge computing module for data producing or processing operations. Edge devices can be products such as employees’ computers or smartphones. There are some basic concepts to understand the operational procedure of edge computing.

Edge device

Brands use multiple devices for edge computing, such as smart speakers, watches, and phones, which collect and process data at the user level. Point of sales (POS) systems, Internet of Things (IoT) devices, vehicles, and sensors can all be used as edge devices if connected to a network and locally computed. In industrial sectors, edge devices can be autonomous mobile robots. In the medical field, it can be a high-end surgical system that allows doctors to perform surgery from remote locations.

Edge network

It doesn’t require any specific or separate edge network to exist. It could be installed on individual edge devices or a Wi-Fi router. The network edge is used where the computing process is too costly and complicated, but high responsiveness is required.

Difference between Cloud Computing and Edge Computing

Edge Computing

Edge cloud computing is the data processing, storage, and transportation infrastructure at the exact location. For example, a railway station may deploy a device to compute and store the data of passengers or employees within the station. Then, the data analysts may review the results.

Cloud Computing

It is a significant and highly advanced deployment of computer networks or storage resources at one central location. Cloud service providers, such as AWS, may offer some pre-packaged services for IoT operations, making cloud computing effective. Clouds may offer enough facilities to collect and process data, but its closest server, which stores data, might be thousands of miles away from the data center. Computer networks rely on internet connectivity that supports these data centers. This makes it costly and sometimes inefficient.

Cloud Computing and Edge Computing

Cloud Computing and Edge Computing

Why is Edge Computing Important?

Data analysis requires a suitable infrastructure or network for a specific task to perform for a specific output. It might be different for any new operation, which might be challenging, less effective, and costly. In a situation like this, edge computing emerges as a viable option in which the computing process and data resources may be at the exact physical location. Some other aspects highlight the importance of edge computing.


The amount of data that a network carries is bandwidth. All the cloud networks have limited bandwidth, which means there is a limit to the amount of data that can communicate across the computer networks. Although it’s possible to increase network bandwidth to accommodate more devices and data, the cost can be high.

Edge computing can solve this problem quickly as the computing mechanisms and data structures are at the exact physical location.


Latency is the time to transport data between two computer network points. Although the process looks fast, long physical distances from the source network can delay data transportation across the computer networks. This delays any analytics and decision-making processes and reduces the ability of a system to respond in real time. Edge computing is a reliable alternative for this issue because of its low latency.

Uses of Edge Computing


Edge computing technology can be used in the manufacturing industry to improve product quality. It can provide brands the real-time analytics of assembly lines and working process, from information to assessments about the products. Real-time insights help to analyze each product, enabling the manufacturer to make accurate business decisions regarding manufacturing operations.


Farming is another field where edge computing can be helpful for rapid growth. The edge computing sensors can collect data about water usage, nutrition density, and the size of the plants to determine the optimal harvest.

Edge Computing

Edge Computing

Network Optimisation

Edge computing can optimize network performance by measuring user engagements across the networks and then employing analytics to determine the most reliable and low-latency network for edge users.

Workplace Safety

It ensures workplace safety by using camera sensors and other safety devices. This is more effective in remote working.

Healthcare Sector

The medical field collects massive patient data from devices, sensors, and other medical equipment. That enormous data volume requires edge computing to apply automation and machine learning to access the data, ignore “normal” data and identify problem data so that doctors can take immediate action to help patients in real-time.


Rapid Response

It operates in real-time to produce rapid data processing or transportation responses. The low latency enables ultra-fast data processing, creating an environment of rapid workflow.

Real-time Mechanism

The real-time mechanism of edge computing reduces the data transportation cost. You have an accurate and uninterrupted version of task operations, enabling you to pass directions accordingly. The real-time mechanism is very efficient in increasing productivity.

Less Costly

We can install the infrastructure of edge computing within the working environment. It doesn’t require any additional setup for processing. This reduces the monthly or annual charges of cloud services. Cloud service providers charge hefty amounts for more complex and heavy data. But it is a local arrangement; you do not need a subscription.


We use it when the network connection is slower or disrupted due to bandwidth. For example, oil tankers, ships at sea, or remote farms may have network problems. So, the installation of it is reliable, giving you real-time access to data. It can provide you the information about water density and can prediction about storms.

Data Protection

Secure transportation of vast amounts of data isn’t easy. Data’s journey across the globe can pose additional data security and privacy problems. It can keep data close to its source and within reach of data protection laws. We can process data locally, obscuring or securing sensitive information before sending anything to the cloud or primary data center.


Limited capacity

Limited capacity is a significant drawback of this technology. Although it is practical, it requires a clear understanding of its scope and purpose. Even a large-scale edge computing deployment serves a specific function at a predetermined scale with minimal resources and services.


It may bypass common network restrictions, but regular edge deployment requires a minimum degree of connectivity. Planning an edge deployment that considers connectivity and what happens at the edge if connectivity is lost is necessary.


The design of its deployment must consider proper device management, such as policy-driven configuration enforcement and security in the computing and storage resources. It may include elements like software patching and updates, focusing on encryption in the data at rest and flight. Secure communications are a feature of IoT services from major cloud providers, although they are not always present when creating an edge site from scratch.


The technology continues to evolve, using new techniques and practices to enhance its performance. The most important trend of the day is the availability of It, and services are expected to become available worldwide by 2028. Where it is often situation-specific today, the technology will become universal and shift how the internet is used, bringing more potential use cases for edge technology.

Check out the technology of extended reality.

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